Wijaya, Made. Balinese Architecture:
Towards an Encyclopedia, Vols. I and II. Bali, 1980. The most extensive
survey yet of Balinese architecture, written by a famous landscape architect
who has lived the past 20 years on Bali.
Belo, Jane. Transitional Balinese Culture.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1972. An anthology of articles including
a study of how children are treated on Bali.
Geertz, Hildred, and Clifford Geertz.
Kinship in Bali. Ithaca: University of Chicago Press, 1967. Two
renowned anthropologists' study of Bali's involved social system.
Jensen, Gordon D., and Luh Ketut Suryani.
The Balinese People: A Reinvestigation of the Balinese Character.
Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1993. Co-authored by a Balinese,
this wonderful book takes a refreshing look at the Balinese character from
a Balinese perspective. The authors scrutinize Mead and Bateman's conclusions
of the 1930s, as documented in their The Balinese Character (1942),
and overturn them one by one.
Jensen, Gordon D., and Luh Ketut Suryani.
Trance and Possession in Bali: A window on Western Multiple Personality,
Possession Disorder; and Suicide. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press,
1993. The authors describe the psycho-social experiences of the Bali-nese
in trance-possession states during tra-ditional healing, dance, drama,
and gamelan performances, as well as in several mental disorders.
Kertonegoro, Madi. The Spirit Journey
to the Ball Aga, Tenganan Pegringsingan. Indonesia: Harkat Foundation,
1986. An unusual book which collects the traditions, ceremonies, and lost
legends of Tenganan village, eastern Bali, the home of the "original" Balinese.
Lansing, J. Stephan. The Three Worlds
of Bali. New York: Praiger Publishers, 1983. Contains an outstanding
discussion of water temples and their function in a rice-growing culture.
State and Society in Bali: Historical
Textual and Anthropological Approaches. Edited by Hil-dred Geertz.
Leiden: KTLV press, 1991. Seven interdisciplinary essays by eminent Baliologists
analyze texts, temples, institu-tions, theater performances, and rituals
in the context of the society as a whole. In contrast to previous Bali
research, these studies put more emphasis on historical background and
pay close attention to local Balinese per-spectives.
Warren, Carol. Adat and Dinas: Balinese
Communities in the Indonesian State. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University
Press, 1993. A carefully researched ethnographic work dealing with the
relationship between the local communities in Bali and the Indonesian state.
Warren is particularly elegant when she describes ways in which the banjar
functions as a social, ritual, and administrative entity.
Stuart-Fox, David. Bibilography of
Bali: Publications from 1920 to 1990. Leiden: KTLV Press, 1995. Contains
almost 8,000 titles of books, articles, and periodicals about Bali published
in the last 70 years. Covers all fields of study (110 subject categones)
and includes publications in Indonesian and foreign languages. Author index,
corporate and project index, and subject index provide extensive and detailed
access to the titles listed. The main libraries where the materials can
be found are identified in the introduction.
McCarthy, John. Are Sweet Dreams Made
of This? Australia: IRIP, Norcote, 1995. A fascinating account of the
impact of tourism on local Balinese communities. It looks sharpIy at Bali's
tourism boom, tourist types, sex and AIDS, who benefits from tourism, and
tourism's affect on Bali's culture and environment. A provocative must-read
for all Balinists.
von Holzen, Heinz, and Lother Arsana.
The Food of Bali: Authentic Recipes from the Island of the Gods.
Singapore: Periplus Edi-tions, 1995. Real Balinese cooking is seldom served
in hotels or restaurants. Includes an extensive introduction, the intricacies
of preparing sauces and condiments, and easy-to-follow receipes and techniques
for prepar-ing unusual and traditional dishes.
Bali: Island of the Gods. Edited
by Eric Oey. Lincolnwood, IL: Passport Books, 1995. A complete guide with
hundreds of pages of travel tips articles on Balinese history, art and
culture. Also includes 30 maps, scores of color photographs, information
on how to get around, and where to get the best value for your money.
Baedeker Bali, 2nd edition. Edited
by Alec Court. Baedeker, 1995. Includes hundreds of photographs and detailed
maps to towns, sights, museums, galleries. Also offers A to Z listing of
places to visit, hotel and restaurant recommendations, shopping, entertainment.
Comes in durable plastic cover.
Beshra, Mark. Eating Bali: The Complete
Restaurant Guide. Singapore: Times Books International, 1990. An honest
source of information for the gourmand. Humorously eval-uates over 200
restaurants in the island's six tourist areas. Restaurants are graded on
their food, service, atmosphere, sanitation, and price. Includes maps,
photos, plus a list of 59 restaurants to avoid. The information in this
book, published in 1990, is only about 60% accurate now.
Black, Star, and Willard A. Hanna. Insight
Guides: Bali. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995. This fascinating photographic
overview has been a classic from the day it first left the presses in 1970.
The latest edition presents the history, culture, arts, dance and drama,
and people of Bali. In the back there's an expanded section of detailed
travel tips, food, hotels, special events, and other informa-tion. Since
it tries to be an all-in-one guide-book-lavishly illustrated with art and
photos-many visitors feel it is to heavy to lug around and they will buy
it for its souvenir value after their trip.
Blackwood, Sir Robert. Beautiful Bali.
Melbourne, Australia: Hampden Hall, 1970. An in-troduction to the island,
its history, its places of interest, its people, their way of life, and
their art forms. One of the earliest guidebooks to Bali. Illustrated.
Eiseman, Fred. B. Jr. Bali and Lombok.
Prentice Hall Travel, 1993. User-friendly and handy-sized, this guide is
packed with information on culture, sights, people, shopping, eating, ac-commodations,
Fischer, Edith Andrea. Bali: A World
of its Own. Self-published, Australia, 1991. Aimed at the cultural
tourist, Fischer explains in a matter-of-fact, straightforward way Bali's
history, leg-ends, philosophy, people, and culture.
Hogan, Rae. Guide to Bali. Sydney,
Australia: Paul Hamlyn, 1974. An excellent, very early guidebook-now serving
as an historical document-containing color and black and white photographs,
maps, and numerous illustra-tions. The first good guidebook to Bali.
Kooiker, Hunt. Bali by Bicycle.
Arizona: Cosmic Dragon Publications, 1977. A concise booklet which describes
how one can explore Bali by bicycle. With the help of two short bemo rides
to scale the central mountains, one can accomplish a beautiful, mostly
level or downhill 200-km circle trip of Bali by bicycle. Unfortunately
out of print.
Muller, Kal. Underwater Indonesia:
A Guide to the World's Greatest Diving. Singapore: Periplus Editions,
1992. The first dive guide available on the archipelago. Includes hun-dreds
of beautiful color photographs of marine species found across some of the
richest tropical waters in the world. Detailed maps show the location of
drop-offs, wrecks, and coral gardens. All major sites on Bali are well
covered, with complete information on how to get to dive spots. Listings
of scuba opera-tors, as well as prices and hotels, are found at the end
of each geographical section.
Santosa, Silvio. Bali Pathfinder.
Ubud: Bina Wisata Tourist Office, 1995. A detailed and well-illustrated
booklet to the Ubud area. Very helpful map.
Wheeler, Tony, and James Lyon. A Travel
Survival Kit: Bali & Lombok. Australia: Lonely Planet Publications,
1994. A popular travel guide to Bali and the neighboring island of Lombok.
Excellent travel information with ex-tensive restaurant listings, 49 maps,
a 32-page color guide to arts and crafts, and an Indonesian language section
Wijaya, Made. Insight Pocket Guides:
Bali. Singapore: Apa Publications, 1995. Includes a brief historical
and cultural introduction, prac-tical and easy-to-follow itineraries, and
the author's favorite restaurants and shops. A slim, handy guide recommended
for a short stay.
Donald Friend's Bali. Sydney, Australia:
Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1990. A catalog of an exhibition of Balinese
art collected by Donald Friend during his 15 years in Bali, re-flecting
the artist's passion for the exotic and the unusual.
Eiseman, Fred. Woodcarvings of Bali.
Periplus Editions, Singapore, 1988. An introduction to the centuries-old
Balinese woodcarving tradition. Traces the history of the highly devel-oped
craft from the earliest Buddhist influences, the classical period of the
9th to 16th centuries, and finally Bali's modern period of experimentation.
Exceptional coverage, with numerous excellent color photos of carvings
and their artists. Even the trees and woods of Bali are included.
Hauser-Schaublin, Brigitta, Marie-Louise
Nabholz-Kartaschoff, and Urs Ramseyer. Textiles in Bali. Swiss ethnologists
chronicle the breadth of Bali's social classes, regional groupings, ceremonial
and religious rituals as seen through the island's myriad woven arts-from
simple poleng and ikat to more complicated songket and gringsing.
The only reference work on the full range of Balinese textiles, covering
the history, meaning, and production methods. Richly illustrated with beautiful
Ramseyer, Urs. The Art and Culture
of Bali. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1986. This large format
book explains the social, religious, and philosophical concepts that rule
the lives of the Balinese and find their expression in their paintings,
temples, folk art, rit-ual offerings, music, dance, and dramatic arts.
Overwhelming detail and magnificently illustrated with photographs keyed
to the text. Written by the former head of the Indonesian Collection at
the Basle Museum of Ethnology, Switzerland. Ramseyer conducted his field
research in east Bali and in villages around the foot of Gunung Agung,
so his work has a bias to the cultural practices of that region of Bali.
The Birthmark Memories of a Balinese Prince Dr. A.A.M. Djelantik
"I feel as if there is something paculiar about his boy... he is destined
to meet many dangers in his life, but he will always surive unscathed..."
With these words, a balian or holy priest annointed a young Balinese
prince, citing as evidence a curios birthmark between the boy's collar
bones. From the jungle of Sulawesi to the streets of pre-war Amsterdam,
The Birthmark tells the extraordinary story of a young Balinese
prince as the grows up within the confines of a Balinese palace, faces
culture shock during his education in Europe and embarks on a career as
a roving doctor. Fighting disease and malnutrition in some of the remotest
parts of the world, his account provides a fascinating evocation of a world
long gone, as well as an insight into present day Indonesia. A.A.M MADE
DJELANTIK was born in 1919 in Karangasem, east Bali. Son of the last raja
of Karangasem, he was educated in Denpasar and Java, and at the University
of Amsterdam in Holland. Graduating after World War II as a Doctor, he
worked in various parts of the archipelago for the Indonesian Ministry
of Health, eventually attaining the position of Bali's Chief Medical Officer
in 1957. In 1969 he became a malariologist with the World Health Organization,
taking postings in Iraq, Somalia and Afghanistan. After retirement in 1979,he
returned to Bali, where he currenly resides.
Frederick, R. An Account of the Island
of Bali Vol.8 of the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great
Britain and Ireland. London: Trubner and Co., 1876. One of the earliest
accounts of Bali wriffen by a Westerner.
Geertz, Clifford. Negara: The Theater
State in the 19th Century Bali. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University
Press, 1980. A captivating ac-count of the unbelievably intricate social
con-ventions widespread on Bali during the last century. Get ready for
some dense, some-times marvelous reading in sociology.
Hann, Willard H. Bali Profile: People,
Events, Circumstances 1001-1976. The most comprehensive and compassionate
history of Bali yet published.
Kempers, A.J. Bernet. Monumental Bali.
Sin-gapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. An authori-tative introduction and
guide to Balinese ar-chaeology, concentrating on the early peri-od of the
island's history but with many con-nections to later Balinese culture.
Helps to understand the island's most famous monu-ments but also encourages
the reader to de-scend into the depths of ravines in search of the lesser-known
mysteries of prehistoric Bali. Dutch-born Kempers lived the first 50 years
of his life (1906-56) in Indonesia and has made frequent expeditions between
1970 and 1984.
Koke, Louise G. Our Hotel in Bali.
New Zealand: January Books, 1987. How two young Amer-icans made a dream
come true by opening one of the first Balinese-style tourist hotels on
Kuta Beach in the 1 930s. The architectural style they pioneered flourishes
today as does the surfing they introduced to Bali. Their adventure lasted
until the Japanese invasion in 1942.
Krause, Gregor. Bali 1912. New
Zealand: January Books, 1988. More than 70 years ago a young German doctor
working for the Dutch East Indies government took more than 4,000 photographs
on Bali. In 1920, 400 of his photos accompanied by his own reports were
published in Germany. This new selection of Krause's best work, including
many black-and-white prints made from his original glass plates, offers
a unique view of traditional Bali.
Vickers, Adrian. Bali, A Paradise Created.
Australia: Penguin Books, 1989. Explores the history of the image-making
process that has surrounded Bali since the 1930s. This book dispels the
myth of a harmonious, exotic island, a paradigm first created by the Dutch
and maintained by subsequent Indonesians administrators and Western writers.
Vickers shows how the Balinese people are under-going great confusion,
change, hardship, and tension as they attempt to maintain their cul-ture
while their island is catapulted into the modern age.
Bali. Singapore: The Times Travel
Library, Times Editions, 1987. Photos, local trivia, do-it-yourself walks
and excursions, and detailed practical travel information.
Covarrubias, Miguel. Island of Bali.
Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1972. Written by a Mexican painter
who lived and worked in Belahluan, Bali, for two years in the 1930s collecting
material for this artistic and well-written classic of traditional Balinese
culture, the scope of which makes fascinating reading. Covarrubias was
one of the first to call what the Balinese were living and creating "art."
He rendered the drawings, his wife shot the photographs.
Eiseman, Fred B., Jr.Bali: Sekala &
Niskala. Scottsdale, Anzona: Fred B. Eisman Jr., 1986. A collection
of three volumes of intriguing, extensive, and quirky articles and essays,
each written in different lengths, styles, and degrees of scholarship.
With nearly 30 years spent on the island, Eiseman writes with uncommon
perspicacity on such wide-ranging topics as Balinese witchcraft and magic,
cricket fighting, seaweed farming, and all the uses of the coconut.
Eiseman, Fred. B., Jr. The Story of
Jimbaran. The first book published about Jimbaran, the strip of land
between Tuban and Uluwatu. Copies are available for US$20 from the author
who can be reached at JI. Bukit Permai 8A, Jimbaran, Tuban, Badung, Bali
Mabbett, Hugh. In Praise of Kuta.
New Zealand: January Books, 1987. From slave port to fishing village, this
is the story of Kuta Beach, today one of the most popular tourist resorts
in the world. More than 50 exuberant full-color photos.
The Balinese. New Zealand: January
Books, 1985. A well-written introduction to all elements of Balinese culture
from family and village life to cremation and religion, from music and
dance to wildlife and the effects of tourism. Based on firsthand observation
supported by impressive scholarship delivered in an unwaveringly objective
style. Mabbet's book offers much more detail than the usual guidebook.
Almatsier, A.M. How to Master Bahasa
Indonesia. Penerbit Djambatan, Jakarta, 1974. A very good short-term
course for English-speaking foreigners. Sold all over Indonesia.
Almatsier, A.M. The Easy Way to Master
the Indonesian language. Penerbit Djambatan, Jakar-ta, 1992. This widely
available book is a lesson by lesson method of learning Indonesian. De-signed
especially for the long-term resident, it has chapters on everyday situations
expats are likely to run into-To the Supermarket, Sports, Colloquial Expressions,
Echols, John, and H. Shadily, An English-lndonesian
Dictionary. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1975. With
25,000 head-words, this is the' only truly comprehensive modern English-Indonesian
dictionary. In-cludes modern idioms and slang, many abbreviations, technical
terms, cross-references, especially to irregular verb forms and noun plurals.
Complements the authors' latest work (see below). This is the Big Artillery,
the best available, the standard used by English speakers ever since the
first edition was pub-lished in 1961.
Echols, John and H. Shadily, An Indonesian
-English Dictionary. Ithaca, New York: Cor-nell University Press, 1989.
A much-revised and much-expanded third edition of the au-thors' previous
edition published in 1963. This comprehensive, well-balanced register of
the Indonesian vocabulary contains all the main derivations and clear,
accurate definitions. Where necessary, definitions are accompanied by simple
sentences that illustrate usage. None better for the serious English-speaking
Everyday Indonesian Phrasebook &
Dictionary. Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. An in-depth teach yourself
book for people who want to master rudimentary Indonesian with-out spending
too much time at it, focusing on practical usage and colloquial speech.
Coverage of basic pronunciation, grammar, and conversation is followed
by a handy dictionary listing the most commonly used words. Oey's book
is also a useful guide to Indone-sia's etiquette, body language, cultural
dos and don'ts, though the black and white illustrations don't contribute
much. Available in both the U.S. and Indonesia.
Indonesia Phrasebook. Australia:
Lonely Planet Publications, 1995. If you memorize this little booklet,
it'll serve you quite adequately for a 30-day-or-less stay.
Johns, Yohanni. Bahasa Indonesia, Books
One & Two. Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. This two-volume
set presents a graded course in Bahasa Indonesia developed at the Australian
National University. Used by universities all over the world, it is particularly
ap-preciated by those who wish to master the language through self-study
at intermediate and advanced levels. An excellent, in-depth, and completely
self-contained course, pro-viding clear explanations of all the basic grammar,
sample sentences and exercises, plus extensive notes on usage and etiquette.
Kramer, A.L.N. Tuttle's Concise Indonesian
Dictionary. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle, 1993. This easy-to-use
bilingual dictionary features 18,000 entries including colloquial usages,
multiple definitions, clear, easy-to-read type, pronunciation aids. Sturdily
cloth-bound for heavy travel, it's one of the best pocket dictionaries
Kwee, John B. Teach Yourself Indonesian.
England: Hodder & Stoughton, 1992. Carefully graded, difficult lessons,
with exercises and answers at the end of each chapter, take the student
through pronunciation and word order, parts of speech and grammar, to the
point where he or she will be able to take part in everyday conversation
and read simple texts.
Pocket Dictionary: Indonesian-English/English-Indonesian.
Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. A handy pocket bidirectional dictionary
containing the 2,000 most commonly-used Balinese words, though the word
"truck" is inexplicably ommitted.
Practical Balinese. Singapore:
Periplus Editions, 1995. A communication guide aimed at tourists and travelers.
With this book and a few hours practice you can begin to converse immediately.
Convenient glossary included in the back.
Shadeg, N. A Balinese Vocabulary.
Denpasar: Dharma Bakti, 1977. This pocket dictionary of 1,000 basic words
and 3,000 basic sentences is now in its 7th edition.
Wolff, John U. Say it in Indonesian.
New York: Dover Publications, 1983. Compiled by pro-fessional linguists,
no other Indonesian-language phrasebook contains these features: 2,100
up-to-date practical entries, easy pro-nunciation transcription, every
entry numbered and indexed, quick word substitution for every need, handy
bilingual glossary. Very thorough.
Wolff, John U., Dede Oetomo, and Daniel
Fietkeiwicz. Beginning Indonesian Through Self Instruction, Books One,
Two and Three. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Southeast Asian
Program, 1992. The Indonesian language courses at U.C. Berkeley still use
this classic coursebook in conjunction with accompanying tapes.
Baum, Vicki. A Tale From Bali.
Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1984. Embracing the tumultuous puputan
years 1904 to 1906, this historical novel is a free rendering of actual
events seen from the Balinese point of view. Also a remarkably vivid and
melodramatic portrayal of the character of the Balinese, their traditional
customs and way of life. First published in English in 1937 by the German
author of the Grand Hotel.
Darling, Diana. The Painted Alphabet.
Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. A novel based on the traditional
story Dukuh Siladri, this is a vastly entertaining story told with
warmth, humor, and wisdom.
The Haughty Toad & Other Tales.
A bewitch-ingly eccentric children's book of Balinese fa-bles, charmingly
illustrated by members of Pengosekan's "Community of Artists."
Mahabharata and Ramayana. New York:
Mentor/New American Library, 1976. This lively version of the two great
Indian classics has been retold by William Buck.
Mason, Victor. The Butterflies of Bali.
Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1992. A cultural thriller which delves into
a secretive civilization where strange characters interact to create an
evocative tale of adventure, mystery, and magical encounters.
Mathews, Anna. The Night of Purnama.
London: The Travel Book Club, 1965. An account of the experiences of Denis
and Anna Mathews in the remote village of lseh on the slopes of Gunung
Agung during the disastrous volcanic eruption of 1963.
Weise, Michael. On the Edge of a Dream.
Michael Weise Productions, 4354 Laurel Canyon Blvd., Suite 234, Studio
City, CA 91604. Part dreamscape, part travelogue, this is an enthralling
semi-fictional story of two free-spirited adventurers traveling in search
of the miraculous, at a time when Balinese society was poised on the brink
of the modern tourist age.
MUSIC AND DANCE
Bandem, I Made, and de Boer, Fredrick.
Kaja and Kelod: Balinese Dance in Transition. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford
University Press, 1981. A survey of Balinese dance by the head of the STSI
Dance Academy in Denpasar, co-authored by an eminent professor of theater
studies at U.S.A.'s Wesleyan University and editor of the Bali Arts
& Culture Newsletter.
Coast, John. Dancers of Bali. New
York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1953. Fresh out of a Japanese prison camp, Coast
toured Bali in a battered jeep, immersing himself in the study of Balinese
music and dance. The author organized the first tour of Balinese dancers
to visit America. Contains pictures and stories of Ba-linese performing
artists during the 1950s.
Daniel, Ana Bali: Behind the Mask
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981. A rich, beautiful book that gives, in
words and photos, a fascinating document of Bali, its people, and its complex
tradition of dance. During several extended stays, the photographer/author
studied with a man revered by the Balinese as the last of their great classical
dancers, I Nyoman Kakul.
de Zoete, Beryl, and Walter Spies. Dance
and Drama in Bali. Oxford in Asia, 1973. Working in collaboration,
Spies and dance expert de Zoete compiled in the 1930s this first complete
survey of Balinese dance, plays, and music. All of the book's brilliant
black-and-white photos were taken by Spies, a long-term resident of Bali
and creator of the kecak dance. A recognized, intelligently written
Kartomi, Margaret J. Musical Instruments
of Indonesia. Melbourne: Indonesian Arts Society, 1985. An excellent
illustrated survey of the full range of musical instruments used in the
many island regions of Indonesia, including Bali. Alphabetical format.
McPhee, Cohn. Music in Bali. New
Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1966. An early definitive classic
in the literature of Balinese gamelan and musical life in the 1930s,
com-bining ethnographic description with detailed analysis of instrumentation
Slattum, Judy. Masks of Bali. San
Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1992. A very good intro-duction to Balinese
wayang topeng. This beautiful picture book contains 50 stunning photographs
of masks, the first mask history, explanations on the process of making
ritual masks, and a discussion of the specific types and functions of making
Balinese masks. Anyone who is shopping for a mask, or who already owns
one, can find in this book the type of character it represents and which
rit-uals it is used in. Photographs by Paul Schraub.
Tenzer, Michael. Balinese Music.
Singapore: Periplus, 1991. The definitive introduction to more than a dozen
different types of Balinese gamelan with color photos, a discography,
descriptions of the instruments, and a guide to studying and hearing music
on Bali. Written by an assistant professor of music at Yale University,
this work is the most significant overview of Balinese music to have appeared
since Cohn McPhee's Music in Bali and is considerably more updated
than de Beryl Zoete's and Walter Spies' Dance and Drama in Bali.
Eiseman, Fred, and Margaret Eiseman. Flowers
of Bali. Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. An introduction to more
than 50 species of Bali's colorful and exotic blossoms. Each bloom is illustrated
in full color. Also includes information on the cultural uses of flowers,
physical descriptions, and concordances of Balinese, Indonesian and Latin
Eiseman, Fred, and Margaret Eiseman. Fruits
of Bali. A feast of colors, tastes, and smells from Bali's cornucopia
of mouthwatering fruits, with descriptions and photos of over 50 delicious
fruit varieties. These range from the more familiar mango, guava, and papaya
to the exotic durian, rambutan, and salak.
King, Ben F., and Edward C. Dickinson.
Birds of South-East Asia. New York: The Stephen Greene Press, 1988.
The only competent field manual to the birdlife of Bali and In-donesia.
Mason, Victor. Bali Bird Walks.
Boston, Mass-achusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. Essentially, a very British
paean to the natural beauty of the Balinese countryside. The lyrical, humorous,
and informative text takes you away from the usual touristic haunts into
what the author calls "the realm of the faerie." Emphasis is also given
to flowers, trees, mammals, insects, customs, rites, temples, and monuments.
Though its use as a guide is limited, trails are graded in order of difficulty.
Mason, Victor. Birds of Bali. Singapore:
Periplus Editions, 1995. Illustrations by Frank Jarvis. A comprehensive
and richly illustrated introduction to 120 of Bali's most notable avian
species. Each bird is portrayed in a striking watercolor, and a complete
checklist of sighted species is appended, giving likely habitats as well
as all the most convenient places for viewing birds.
Warren, William. Balinese Gardens.
Singapore: Periplus Editions, 1995. A large-format book filled with information
on Bali's physical landscape and Balinese conceptions of nature and the
traditional house, temple, and palace gardens. Numerous superb photographs
by Luca Invernezzi Tettoni show modern and traditional gardens.
Djelantik, A.A.M. Balinese Paintings.
Singapore: Images of Asia Series, Oxford University Press, 1986. A concise
primer of Balinese painting styles and techniques written by an authority
on the subject for the non-specialist reader. The author also examines
the intriguing period of transition in which Balinese art finds itself
today. Although a thin volume, it is extensively illustrated.
Friend, Donald. Donald Friend, 1915-1989:
Restrospective. Sydney, Australia: Art Gallery of New South Wales,
1990. The first published retrospective of one of the leading Australian
artists of the modern era. Friend's greatest works were painted on Bali
where he lived and worked between 1966 and 1980.
Kam, Garrett. Perceptions of Paradise:
Images of Bali in the Arts. Ubud, Indonesia: Neka Museum, 1993. Not
only a handsomely produced catalog of 22 paintings found in the collection
of the Neka Museum, but a wide-ranging historical and cultural study of
the whole Balinese artistic tradition. Kam uses the paintings and accompanying
photographs as a window through which he interprets Bali's entire artistic
life. The publisher, Suteja Neka, is a dynamic and enthusiastic patron
of the arts.
Neka Museum: Guide to the Painting
Collection. Bali, Indonesia: Neka Museum, 1986. An illustrated history
of Balinese painting by Neka, a respected painter, collector, and gallery
owner in Campuan, Bali. Contains full-color photos and black-and-white
renditions of the works in Neka's collection, as well as biographies of
Balinese and foreign painters.
Pucci, Idanna. The Epic of Life.
New York: Alfred Van der Marck Editions, 1985. The extraordinary paintings
in this large-format art book grace the ceiling of the Kerta Gosa Palace
of Justice in Bali's former royal capital of Klungkung. Opposite each full-color
reproduction is a vivid recounting of the section in the Hindu epic, the
Mahabharata, which corresponds to the scene. An exhaustive and important
Rhodius, Hans, and John Darling, Walter
Spies and Balinese Art. Published under the auspices of the Tropical
Museum, Amsterdam, by Terra, Zutphen, 1980. A narrative portrait of the
extraordinary life and work of Walter Spies, the Russian-born German artist
who lived and worked in Bali from 1927 to 1940.
Willem G. Hofker; Painter of Bali.
A helpful and carefully researched text. The plates bring home the style,
poetry, and pathos of Hofker's beautiful paintings of women.
Bali. Singapore: Times Editions,
1986. An attractive full-color photo essay of Balinese life and culture
by three talented professional photographers.
Lueras, Leonard, and Ian R. Lloyd. Bali:
The Ultimate Island. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987. A spectacular
coffee table book with historical black-and-white photos, everyday portraits,
and coverage of contemporary arts and crafts, ceremonies, workers of the
land, and commerce. Special features are a comprehensive discography-cassettography
and a filmography.
Lueras, Leonard, and Rio Helmi. Bali
High: Paradise from the Air. Singapore, Times Editions: 1990. In this
book you see, from a new and elevated vantage point, beautiful color photographs
of the volcanoes, towns, hamlets, ravines, terraces, rivers, temples, harbors,
and beaches of Bali.
Bakker, F.L. The Struggle of the Hindu
Balinese Intellectuals. VU University Press, 1993. An investigation
of the recent developments in modern Hindu thinking in Indonesia since
the country became independent and the leading role Balinese Hindus play
in modern Indone-sian Hinduism.
Belo, Jane. Balinese Temple Festival.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1953. A guide through one of Bali's
colorful festivals as observed by an astute and insightful anthropologist.
Hooykaas, C. A Balinese Temple Festival.
The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1977. A word-by-word and gesture-by-gesture
explanation of a temple festival which will be of interest to not only
anthropologists and students of com-parative religions but also to travelers.
Baranay, lnez. The Edge of Bali.
Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1992. This tale explores the culture of
tourism on Bali through the experiences of three different tourists, unknown
to each other and each with an entirely different agenda. An interesting
evocation of the kinds of encounters one has within the Kuta-Ubud -Candidasa
Blair, Lawrence, with Lorne Blair. Ring
of Fire. New York: Bantam Books, 1988. The story of two brothers who,
for a period of 12 years starting in 1973, penetrated and filmed some of
the most remote regions of Indonesia. The book is an adaptation from a
film which became a four-part cycle which opened public television's "Adventure"
series in May of 1988. Part two and three of the series take place on Bali.
Gorer, Geoffrey. Bali and Angkor.
Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1986. A 1930s pleasure trip to Sumatra,
Java, Bali, Thailand, and Cambodia. An observant travel writer analyzes
the role art and religion play in the life of the Balinese. Gorer's writing
has great style.
McPhee, Cohn. A House in Bali.
Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1985. This account of a young American
composer and ethnomusicologist's stay in Bali prior to WW II is an amusing
and sympathetic look at Balinese society and a rare look at the original
impor-tance of music in Balinese life. McPhee was significant not for his
music but for his incisive role in reviving many dying gamelan traditions
and his invaluable descriptions of the music of Bali during the 1930s.
Powell, Hickman. The Last Paradise.
Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1986. An American journalist's "discovery"
of Bali in the 1920s. A description of Bali's inhabitants, customs, and
beliefs before the advent of modern tourism.
Simpson, Cohn. Bali and Beyond.
Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1972. Simpson describes the dancing, music,
and other arts, a cremation, and his chapter "The muddy-legged musician"
conveys vividly the life of a typically cultured peasant who is a rice
farmer by day and a gamelan musician by night. Includes 24 pages of color
Done Bali. Australia: SBS, 1994.
While there have been many films which have expounded the Western image
of Bali as an idyllic, creative, tropical holiday destination, Australian-made
Done Bali looks behind the glamorous, romantic appearances to the
island's traumatic past and its current, fragile present as it moves into
the era of "five-star tourism." This beguiling film uses rare archival
film footage to examine a range of the island's social and historical tragedies.
Lempad of Bali. New York: Mystic
Fire Video, 1979. Directed by John Darling and Lorna Blair, co-director
of Ring of Fire. This 60-minute color video captures some of the
strength and genius of a remarkable artist famous throughout Europe in
the 1920s for his remarkable religious and erotic art. Lempad died a fully
conscious death (which he predicted, and to which he invited his family)
at the age of 116.
Ring of Fire, Vol. Two. New York:
Mystic Fire Video, 1988. A four-part film which chronicled the 10-year
voyage of two filmmakers, brothers Lorne and Lawrence Blair, through Indonesia's
exotic, mysterious Outer Islands. Volume Two ("Dance of the Warriors")
in the series shows a mesmerizing segment of a Balinese barong dance.